​​How To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs ​With Home Remedies

Bed bugs are a growing problem in our country. It’s a problem that almost every pest control company faces. 

With so many experiencing bed bugs, people wonder if there are ways to get rid of them without relying on professionals. Professional support is probably your best option, but there are some ways to eradicate bed bugs from your house or apartment through at-home methods.

Ahead, we’ll cover some of the basics of bed bug infestations, as well as give you some tips on home remedies for bed bugs once they’ve taken over.


Home Remedies For Bed Bugs

CC Image courtesy of louento.pix

How to Know if You Have a Bed Bug Infestation

A 2015 study showed that 99.6% of pest professionals treated bed bugs in the past year, and that number continues to be problematic as time goes on. Unfortunately, many of these case were already pretty heavy before the poor victims even realized they had bed bugs.

Bed bugs can be hard to find. You may wake up with a bug bite and fear the worst, only to find out that it was a mosquito nipping at you while you were asleep. Don’t overreact to an overnight bug bite, but if there’s a reason for concern, take immediate action.

Bed Bug Bites

Finding bed bugs in a piece of used furniture is common. If you recently acquired a used piece of furniture as bed bug symptoms start, you can reasonably assume that they came from there. Especially if you have a potential source, it’s essential to identify and eradicate the bed bugs as soon as possible.

Traces of Bed Bugs

If you don’t see any bed bugs, that doesn’t mean you aren’t experiencing an infestation. Bed bugs are fantastic at staying hidden, leaving you to find traces of them without locating the bugs themselves.

CC Image courtesy of British Pest Control Association

Mistaking a bed bug bite for a mosquito bite is easy. They’re usually painless, but eventually, itch like other bug bites. Unlike flea bites, though, the red bumps you see don’t have a red spot in the center of them. If you experience these bites, chances are you have bed bugs.

Another indicator of a potential infestation is blood stains on your sheets or pillow. Bed bugs feed while you’re asleep, and it’s possible for one to leave a trail of blood when it’s on its way.

You may also see some dark spots on your sheets, pillows, furniture, or walls. These are signs of bed bug excrement and could mean the bed bugs are roaming freely while you sleep. It’s also possible to find bed bug eggs or even smell the bed bug infestation. If you experience any of these symptoms, chances are you’re dealing with bed bugs.

CC Image courtesy of AFPMB

What Do Bed Bugs Look Like?

People tend to think that bed bugs are always too small to see with the naked eye. It’s true that the bed bug infestation is most likely worse if you see a bed bug, but that doesn’t mean that all bed bugs are microscopic.

Baby bed bugs are often too small to see, but you can certainly see adult bed bugs.

Baby bed bug - CC Image courtesy of louento.pix

Adults are only about 4 or 5 mm long, but you may see them scurrying across your bed, wall, or body. These bugs are brown and slightly translucent. After feeding, they take on a red color.

CC Image courtesy of British Pest Control Association

Adult bed bugs are wingless and oval-shaped. They can’t fly, but they can move quickly across surfaces.

CC Image courtesy of AFPMB

Younger bed bugs frequently shed their skin, which is another sign of a possible infestation. If you see patches of bed bug skin, you’re likely infested with a host of bed bugs too small for you to see.

How to Find Bed Bugs in Your Home

If you suspect you have bed bugs, the first step should be finding out where they are. If you have an idea, it’s best to start where you think they originated. As we stated above, used furniture is a common culprit, so if you’ve recently bought a used couch or chair try checking the cushions for traces of bed bugs.

Be careful with secondhand furniture - especially if it's been dumped on the street. It may have been thrown out due to harboring an infestation.

Used furniture is far from the only way bed bugs enter your home. They’re exceptional travelers, and if you’ve recently spent the night in a cheap motel, there’s a chance your bed bugs came from there.

Travelling via luggage is a preferred mode of transportation for bed bugs

The bugs attach themselves to luggage and clothes for transportation. These aren’t their preferred environments, but allow them to move to new houses and spread their infestation. Just because you keep your house clean, it doesn’t mean you’re safe from a bed bug invasion.

Where Do Bed Bugs Live?

Bed bugs are sneaky when it comes to habitat. They’re small enough to hide in the cracks of walls and behind wallpaper. People usually find them in beds or cushions, but this isn’t the only place they like to dwell.

For that reason, checking your mattress and couch cushions alone won’t necessarily tell the whole story. It’s important to complete a visual inspection before you decide on your next move, but there’s a high chance you’ll miss some of their preferred living spots.

Visual Search

The best and most definitive way to search for bed bugs is to look for them. Carefully look through your beds, couches, and chairs to find out if any of them are scurrying around.

CC Image courtesy of louento.pix

For beds, take off all the sheets and covers to make your search as thorough as possible. If you don’t find any, take off the mattress and check the box spring. Remove any fabric that may be covering your mattress or box spring.

CC Image courtesy of louento.pix

Bed bugs are tiny, and it’s possible you’ll miss them when you’re searching your house or apartment. Just because you can’t see them doesn’t mean they aren’t there. If the visual inspection didn’t net any results, it’s still worth taking measures to try to get the pests out of your home.

Mattress Encasement Inspection

A mattress encasement provides multiple benefits when it comes to identifying bed bugs. First and foremost, it’s a way to ensure that bed bugs don’t infest your mattress in the first place. Second, it takes away a large hiding area where these pests love to live.

With a mattress encasement, you can see bed bugs much easier and ensure that they don’t take over the inside of your mattress or box spring. The earlier you catch bed bugs, the better and mattress encasements are crucial when it comes to early detection.

Bed Bug Mattress Cover

Once you’re sure about the bed bugs in your home, it’s time to contact a professional or explore home remedies for bed bugs.

What You Need To Know About Getting Rid Of Bed Bugs Yourself

Getting rid of bed bugs can be an expensive undertaking. For that reason, many people try to find an adequate home remedy for bed bugs first. If you decide to go this route, there are a few things you should keep in mind before you start.

Getting rid of bed bugs on your own can be dangerous if done incorrectly. Even more commonly, there’s a high chance you won’t get rid of all the bed bugs, and they’ll come back with a vengeance.

Throwing Everything Away

If your bed is infested with bed bugs, you don’t need to throw it out, but it’s probably a good idea. Still, you shouldn’t waste thousands of dollars buying a new mattress and furniture for your home. If bed bugs are living in other small cracks, they’ll just come out and infect your new furniture.

If you decide that your current mattress is too far gone, take precautions when you’re getting rid of it. Dragging a bed bug infested mattress through your house will only spread the infestation to separate rooms.

If you have a safer way to get your mattress and box spring out to the curb, make sure you place a note on the mattress, so people know what they’re dealing with. Spray pain the mattress, so people know not to take it home with them. Don’t just hand-off the headache to another unsuspecting person.

Stay Where You Are

Finding out your bed is infested with bed bugs is disgusting. It can make you want to move to another room, or even sleep on the couch until you take care of the problem.

You need to resist these urges. Find a mattress cover, and continue sleeping on your bed until you get rid of the bed bugs. If you start sleeping somewhere else, the bed bugs will eventually find you and infest that piece of furniture as well.

Be Careful With Pesticides

Pesticides are the most effective way to eradicate bed bugs from your home. Unfortunately, according to a 2013 study, bed bugs have evolved to resist certain insecticides. You need to stay on top of effective treatments for bed bugs as the sneaky pests continue to develop immunities.

It’s critical that you read the label before using any pesticides on your home bed bug problem. Not all pesticides are intended for bed bugs - and many aren’t designed for indoor use at all. If you use one of the outdoor pesticides, you’re putting your health at risk, and the bed bugs likely won’t be affected.

We recommend that you don’t use pesticides as a home treatment for bed bugs. Pesticides can have several harmful effects on your health, and even EPA certified pesticides shouldn’t be used directly on your bed.

If you use one of these pesticides to get rid of your bed bug problem, it means you’ll be sleeping on chemicals. Additionally, most of these pesticides work better on contact than they do over time. This means that you may eradicate some bed bugs when you apply the pesticide, but those that come after will survive because they aren’t affected by the dry chemical.

Getting Rid of All Your Bed Bugs

Whether you’re taking care of bed bugs yourself or you’re hiring a professional, you want to be sure that all the bed bugs are gone from your home. There’s nothing worse than spending time and money on bed bugs, only to find the little pests back in your furniture a few weeks later.

There are several effective home remedies for bed bugs, and we’ll cover some of them ahead. Placing an infested couch out in the winter weather can help kill the bugs, but it’s possible that they’re just lying dormant, only to spring back to life once you take them inside. Furthermore, most people don’t live in climates that get cold enough for this to work.

When Do Bed Bugs Come Out

Heat is another way to get rid of bed bugs. You can get them out of your clothes by throwing them in a dryer. Unfortunately, you’d probably need to hire a professional to treat the rest of your home this way.

Bed Bug Exterminator

One of the most effective treatments for bed bugs is vacuuming them up. You’ll need a high-powered vacuum, though, and there’s a chance of bed bugs infesting the vacuum cleaner. If this happens, the bugs may spread even further than they already were.

Best Home Remedies for Bed Bugs

Although a pest control professional is your best bet, hiring one can be expensive. Home remedies are most people’s first option, so ahead are a few effective methods for treating bed bugs without the help of trained professionals.

Clearing the Clutter

Before you start any home remedies, you need to clean the infested area. Clean, fold, and put away any piles of clothes you may have. Make sure every piece of clutter is put away before you begin any treatment.

If you neglect this step, bed bugs will probably linger after you’ve finished. You can treat your mattress as perfectly as a professional, but if bed bugs still linger in cluttered messes around your room, they’ll just come back again.

This is NOT how your room should look during an infestation. Keep the area tidy to minimize potential hiding places.

Vacuuming the Mattress

Cleaning and vacuuming your mattress and box spring is one of the most effective home remedies for bed bugs. Unlike using chemicals, this is a safe way to remove bed bugs that are also relatively easy. If you complete these steps, there’s a good chance you’ll get rid of the bed bug infestation once and for all.

  1. Bag and wash all of your bedding. Use two bags if you can, and throw them away outside once you’ve finished. Allow them to dry for at least 30-60 minutes.
  1. Use a high-powered vacuum to remove any bedbugs from your mattress and box spring. Pay close attention to the creases, as this is a common place for bed bugs to hide.
  2. Take your vacuum outside, remove the bag, and throw it away. If you’re not careful, these pests will eventually infect the vacuum.
  1. Buy a mattress and bed frame encasement. You can find these at a local store, or buy one online. These trap any remaining bed bugs, preventing them from leaving the mattress and biting you. They also prevent the mattress from getting infested with any bugs left behind.
  1. Make sure your bed is off the floor and away from walls. Any remaining bugs will have an easier time getting back on your bed if it’s on the floor and flush against a wall.
  1. Once you clean your bed and encase your mattress, you can put your bedding back on the bed.


As we’ve already covered, insecticides can be dangerous when it comes to DIY bed bug removal. Still, they’re necessary for getting rid of the last remaining bed bugs. Read the label, and make sure it’s EPA certified for indoor use before starting. Additionally, complete the vacuum steps before turning to insecticides, so you don’t have to apply the chemicals directly to your mattress.

  1. Use chemicals to treat your bed-frame and headboard. Most of the bed bugs live in your mattress, but a few stragglers will still be in the surrounding area. Use insecticides to get rid of the ones closest to your bed
  1. Isolate your bed from the rest of the house to prevent any more infestations. You can do this by purchasing pitfall traps for bed bugs. Place one of these at each leg of your bed frame to catch any bed bugs as they try to move. This will help you avoid re-infecting your mattress.

Temperature Treatments

Bed bugs are rather sensitive to temperature, which opens an opportunity to kill them with extreme heat or extreme cold. You should be careful here, as not all remedies are as effective without the assistance of trained professionals.

  1. If you have access to a professional-grade steamer, steam treat your mattress, carpet and other locations bed bugs may be hiding.
  1. Slow and methodically tackle each section of the room.
  1. If you have access to an in-home steamer, place your infested furniture in one of these before moving it to an uninfested part of the home.
  1. If you live in a cold climate where temperatures sit well below freezing, you can put a piece of infested furniture outside for a few days. Exposing it to the cold will likely kill any bed bugs living inside.
  1. With any of these methods, you’ll need to use additional insecticide to treat cracks and crannies where smaller bed bugs may be hiding.

Does Steam Kill Bed Bugs

Bed Bug Sprays

There are dozens of bed bug sprays on the market; some more effected than others. If you'd like to try a spray yourself before getting the exterminators involved, our in-depth guide reviewing the best bed bug sprays currently on the market might help to give you a good head start.

Treating Other Areas

If the infestation has spread to other areas of your home, you’ll have to locate the pests and take steps to eradicate them as well. If you don’t, they’ll just come back and take up residence in your room once again.

  1. Asses which rooms have an infestation.
  1. Separate furniture in infested rooms.
  1. Put all clothes and personal items in bags, separating which items have been treated from those that haven’t. If you leave a treated piece of furniture next to an infested piece, the bugs will move and create double the work.
  1. Vacuum the room and the furniture to get rid of any adult bed bugs or eggs.
  1. Use safe insecticides to treat small cracks where baby bed bugs could be hiding.
  1. Isolate and wash any clothing that may be infested.
  1. Repeat these steps for any infested rooms.

How to Make Sure the Home Remedies Are Working

Once the symptoms of bed bugs stop, you shouldn’t find any more fecal matter, blood stains, or eggs in your room or mattress. This is usually an indication that your home remedy worked, but you can get a better sense if you purchase an interceptor cup.

Interceptor cups don’t only help isolate infested areas - they also provide a way to track your progress. Empty the cups regularly, and over time you should see the number of bed bugs decreasing. Eventually, the cups won’t have any bed bugs in them, which is a sign that your home treatment was successful.

We still recommend that you keep your mattress enclosure on your bed to prevent further infestations. If you can, buy a new mattress, but this shouldn’t be necessary for minor cases. Keep the interceptor cups around until you experience a few months of a bed bug-free mattress.

What to Do if You Need Extra Help

Extreme cases of bed bugs won’t go away with these home remedies. If your whole house is infected, cleaning and isolating your bed will do little to fix the problem. In these cases, your best bet is to ask a professional for assistance.

Even if you still want to tackle the problem yourself, we still recommend that you seek professional advice as to what pesticides are safe and effective.

Many of these chemicals can be extremely harmful, and some of them won’t even address the problem you’re trying to correct. Read the label, and if you have any more questions reach out to a pest control professional. Most professionals will give you some free advice without committing to their services.

Tackling the Bed Bug Problem

Home remedies for bed bugs can be useful, but they take time and effort to get right. Follow all of these steps for the best results. There’s nothing worse than cutting a few corners, only to find that the bed bugs are back with a vengeance. If home remedies still don’t work, the only option is to seek professional help.

Ridding your home of bed bugs is costly and time-consuming. If you can, try to take preventative measures before an infestation occurs. Mattress enclosures are one of the best preventative measures. If you’re unsure about an infestation, get some interceptor cups, so you know for sure.

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