Finding A Single Bed Bug​ - What To Do

You were going about your business at home when you noticed something that made your heart stop – a bed bug on your mattress. What does finding a single bed bug mean? Are you doomed to battle a full-scale infestation? Before you get too carried away, let us talk you off the ledge. Here is everything you need to know about finding one bed bug.


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Don’t Panic

It’s easy to understand why you might get worked up if you see a bed bug in your house. Wondering what else might be crawling around there is enough to bother anyone.

Before you run out of your house screaming and scratching every inch of your body, just calm down a bit and breathe. Finding one bed bug isn’t a crisis by itself. It could be a loner, a stray you picked up from a recent trip or a ride on a bus.

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It could cause absolutely no disruption to your life or finances so it’s best not to get carried away. So stay calm and let’s take a closer look at the situation and figure out what you should do.

Ensure It Is Definitely a Bed Bug

Before you jump the gun and start imagining the worst, you need to confirm that what you found is actually a bed bug. To the untrained eye, other insects can be mistaken for bed bugs. To make identification even harder, most of us haven’t seen a bed bug in real life. That’s partially because they are such great hiders.

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Since we haven’t seen them, it’s easy to think that any bug crawling on our bed is obviously a bed bug. But sometimes we can be wrong.

There are several bugs that look a bit like bed bugs, including the black carpet beetle, book louse, spider beetle, and flea. Both bed bugs and black carpet beetles have oval bodies, for instance. But one big difference is that black carpet beetles have wings, while bed bugs don’t – although they do have wing pads.

Other than fleas and bed bugs, none of the other insects listed above bite people.

But it’s easy to see how people could be confused since many of the insects are in the same size range. And the colors of the bugs are fairly similar or hard to distinguish because the bugs are so little.

To help you identify if it really is a bed bug, look for wing pads. If you can’t tell, you might want to bring it into an exterminator’s office or an entomologists, because they'll definitely be able to tell you what kind of bug it is.

CC Image courtesy of AFPMB

CC Image courtesy of AFPMB

Bed bug before feeding - CC Image courtesy of AFPMB

Bed bug after feeding - CC Image courtesy of AFPMB

Was the Bed Bug Dead Or Alive?

Was the bug dead before you found it or was it alive and kicking? If the bed bug is dead and you haven’t noticed any bites on your body in the past couple of weeks, you might be in the clear.

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But if it was still alive, the odds of there being more might increase. Those odds go up if it’s a female bed bug that you’ve found. Even if the bed bug came to your house as a single stowaway, if it was a pregnant female, there could have been enough time for her to begin repopulating a new army.

But, generally speaking, if you’re going to find a bed bug, it’s always better to find a dead one than one that is alive.  

Carefully Inspect The Surrounding Area For More Bed Bugs

There is only one way to determine if the bed bug you found was a loner or part of a larger tribe. And that’s to start doing some investigating.

The first thing you should do is remove the clutter in the room you found the bug in. While bed bugs aren’t attracted to filth, having things lying around does give them more cover in which they can hide.

This is NOT how your room should look during an infestation. Keep the area tidy to minimize potential hiding places.

To begin your search, start with your bed. They’re called bed bugs for a reason – that’s their favorite spot to hunt you down. They’re attracted to the warmth of your body and the carbon dioxide you give off. They’ll find a lot of both of that as you sleep in your bed at night. That’s why your mattress will be their favorite spot to hang out.

Look along the seams of your bed and around the tag area because bed bugs like to hide in those tiny crevices.

After you’ve looked at your mattress, check the headboard and any other furniture you have in your bedroom. You might find bed bugs in the nightstand near your bed – carefully check over the drawers and any crevices there. Wood is a good hiding places for bed bugs as it naturally contains plenty of cracks and openings as it ages.

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They also like to hide behind the covers of outlets. You might want to grab a screwdriver to remove those covers and use a flashlight to quickly peer inside.

If you have a chair inside your bedroom, do a careful search of all of its crevices and flip the chair over and check out the spot where the fabric and the chair legs join together.

Don’t forget to check behind the curtains in your room. Although that’s a less common hiding spot for bed bugs, they have been known to hide there.

You have to be thorough in your search so you don’t miss any signs that there are additional bed bugs in your home. The longer an infestation is allowed to carry on, the worse it can be.

Check For Other Common Signs of Bed Bugs

You’ll look for any live bugs hiding there, but you should also inspect the mattress for any stains and signs that more have been there. Look for any additional dead bugs, eggs, nymphs, exoskeletons, blood splatters, or marks from their feces.

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Bed bug eggs are white, oval, and really small at only 1/16th of an inch. They are usually laid in crevices so they are hard to spot.

Bed Bug Eggs

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Make sure you have a flashlight handy and a magnifying glass if you need one. It can be hard to spot eggs and exoskeletons without them. Although they can be harder to spot in the day when they’re hiding, it’s sometimes easier to look for them at this time. The bright sunlight flooding into your room is your friend.

You should also grab a credit card for your search. Having something stiff and flat that you can drag along the seams of the mattresses and scrape at fabric with will help you in your search. If you’re feeling squeamish at the thought of doing the search, you also might want to put on some plastic gloves.

If you don’t have any windows in your bedroom though, you can easily check for them at night if you have enough light sources on hand.

Also be sure to check less obvious places where you've recently spent a lot of time to ensure there isn't a small colony that has become established outside of the bedroom. These places could include home offices, lounges, and even your car.

Just remember, bed bugs rarely cause a huge infestation without leaving at least some trace behind. They can be a messy bug, which is good news for anyone looking for signs that they’re in their home.

Take Action

You won’t know what the best course of action is until your fact-finding mission is complete. Once you have all the information you need, you can decide upon your plan of attack.

If despite your best efforts, you’re still only coming up with that one solitary bed bug, you might be able to breathe a sigh of relief. If you had a big infestation, you’d likely see other signs of bed bugs during your search of your bedroom. You might have picked up a stray bed bug and that carcass you found could signal the end of your problem.

When Do Bed Bugs Come Out

But you should remain vigilant and do another search in a week or two just in case you missed any signs or didn’t notice an egg. It takes bed bug eggs anywhere from 6 to 10 days to hatch and once the nymph is born it will start looking for a meal.

If a second search after a week or two reveals nothing and you haven’t noticed any bites, you’re probably in the clear. But you should remain on guard for a while and call the exterminator if you notice any signs of bed bugs. Waking up with bites but no other signs of bed bugs should still be cause to remain vigilant.

If your search did turn up more bed bugs or at least signs that there have been more, then it’s time to start tackling your problem. For a small infestation, you might be able to try to take it on yourself, but if you come across a large infestation, it’s more likely you’re going to need an exterminator.

My Favourite Bed Bug Treatment Products

My Favourite Bed Bug Treatment Products

Bed Bug Patrol Bed Bug Killer 100% Natural, Non-Toxic, Environmentally Friendly, Family & Pet Safe 24oz

Bed Bug Patrol Bed Bug Killer - One of the best bed bug sprays that I've yet to personally use. Not only does it have a 100% kill rate against live bed bugs in controlled tests, but it's also child and pet friendly. This product can be used against both light and heavy infestations, and most importantly, it's laboratory tested and completely chemical-free.

Studies conducted using the treatment showed an impressive kill rate of 83% within just 30 minutes after application, and 98% within the first four hours, leading on to an eventual mortality rate of 100% over time.

Bed Bug Patrol Bed Bug Killer 100% Natural, Non-Toxic, Environmentally Friendly, Family & Pet Safe 24oz

Queen (13-16 in. Deep) SureGuard Mattress Encasement - 100% Waterproof, Bed Bug Proof, Hypoallergenic - Premium Zippered Six-Sided Cover - 10 Year Warranty

SureGuard Mattress Encasement - It's thick, it's strong, it comes in many different sizes, and it will definitely help to stop bed bugs of all sizes from getting to, or from, your mattress.

The protector prevents bed bug transportation by using SureSeal technology, and by using an extremely fine zipper that not even bed bug nymphs can impregnate.

Queen (13-16 in. Deep) SureGuard Mattress Encasement - 100% Waterproof, Bed Bug Proof, Hypoallergenic - Premium Zippered Six-Sided Cover - 10 Year Warranty

Bed Bug Interceptors 4 pack Bed Bug Trap Black. Design Ensures no Talcum Powder or Additional Products Needed. The Most Reliable Bed Bug Trap on the Market Black

Trapbedbugs Bed Bug Interceptors - In my experience, the best and most effective bed bug traps currently available. I've used these traps in many different scenarios, and find they do a job better than any other similar product I've worked with.

Simply place them directly underneath the bed/table/chair legs you're trying to protect, and watch the bed bugs fall into the trap time and time again with no chance of escape.

Bed Bug Interceptors 4 pack Bed Bug Trap Black. Design Ensures no Talcum Powder or Additional Products Needed. The Most Reliable Bed Bug Trap on the Market Black

The ZappBug Oven 2

ZapBugg Bed Bug Heater - Specially designed to kill all stages in the bed bug life cycle, including eggs, without the need to purchase expensive pest control heat treatment solutions.

Simply place infested items into the ZappBug heater and it will automatically reach the all-important bed bug killing temperature, so you can be sure the items will come out all-clear once the process is complete.

Small & XL versions are also available.

The ZappBug Oven 2


Finding a single bed bug can be enough to make you feel alarmed, but it doesn’t necessarily mean you have a big infestation on your hands. You might be lucky enough that this bed bug is an isolated incident. If not, it’s best to know sooner rather than later so you can start taking steps to free your house of this pest once and for all.

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Gary W Miller

I found one bed bug so far

Tina Sloop

Can alcohol kill bed bugs, eggs and all stages of bugs? I found 1 bed bug crawling across the front of my shirt while sitting on the couch, I’m in attack mode because I want to get rid of the situation before an infestation. I search furniture, mattress, bed rails, legs, box spring, dressers legs of furniture, couch everywhere with no signs at all of eggs, babies, anything went on attack with alcohol immediately and diffusing home with lavender essential oil. What should I do now?


Hi! I’ve been looking through this site nearly all night! I was feeling a burning and itching sensation all over for a couple of days any time I tried to go to sleep so i would constantly get up check my sheets, pillow and both sides of the mattress with nothing coming up! Turns out it was a case of hives. I found a bed bug I think on my wall and shined a light on it and there was no movement. I did a thorough check of my entire room and the only thing i found is a couple of black spots on the bottom side of my mattress but those have been there for awhile. I’m not sure if it was a bed bug or a tick but now I’m scratching all over the place and too scared to go to sleep. If my dog had a tick on him would it be more likely it was that and not a bed bug??? What can I do to stop any of the two from biting me so I won’t be scared to sleep?


    I have been fighting them for awhile because my daughter picked them up from school (since Sep 2018). I immediately went into freak out mode. I have not had one bug since end of Oct, until this am found one on a trap. I will tell you this, place everything in washer and dryer on high temps (don’t over stuff the machines, then contractor bags, DE powder (food grade) complete outline of room, under switches and leave it as long as possible, u will need a shop vac to remove it when ur done (I left for days), place ur mattress and box springs in a protector, steam steam and more steam everything, I even caulked every crack, I used rat glue traps under legs of my beds with plastic wrap in between to protect legs, dusted them and frame with DE powder, removed everything from walls. Family has had no bites what so ever.

    What could of went wrong that I am finding a female bug now after so much time?

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